A tooth extraction is primarily performed by an oral surgeon. However, general dentists and periodontists also carry out tooth extraction procedures as part of their core skills as dental providers. Some benefits of tooth extraction are:
Tooth extraction means the removal of a tooth. Tooth extraction is performed by the dentist for various reasons like:
There are two types of tooth extractions that are generally performed. They are:-
Usually, simple extractions are performed by the dentist, but an oral surgeon may be called for surgical extractions.
The tooth extraction cost varies according to the area of residence of the patient, whether it is a simple or surgical extraction, the complexity of the case and whether a general dentist or an oral surgeon is performing the procedure. Generally, an oral surgeon will charge more for extraction than a general dentist.
The tooth extraction cost may vary according to the types of services.
The cost increases for complex cases and varies with the experience of the dentist who is performing the procedure.
For surgical extractions and impacted third molars, the cost may differ.
The cost varies from dentist to dentist and is more if an oral surgeon is performing the procedure.
This is followed by the use of a dental elevator to elevate the tooth from its socket.
Tooth removal procedure is done using dental forceps.
A surgical gauze piece is then placed on the wound area and the patient is asked to bite on it to control the bleeding and help in the clotting process.
If it is a surgical extraction, the gums are cut using a surgical knife.
This is followed by the drilling of the bone using surgical dental burs.
Then the tooth is extracted using dental elevators and dental forceps. The tooth may be removed entirely or in pieces in cases of surgical extractions.
The gums are then stitched back using dental sutures and gauze is placed on the wound.
The sutures may be resorbable or non-resorbable. The resorbable sutures dissolve on their own, whereas the non-resorbable sutures require removal by the dentist 7 to 10 days after the extraction.
A dry socket may develop in a few cases after tooth extraction. This occurs when a blood clot is not formed, or the blood clot breaks down too early in the socket of the tooth extracted.
The underlying bone gets exposed to food, giving a very bad odour and taste. This can be very painful and the patient generally starts experiencing pain third day after tooth extraction.
Dry sockets are more common after surgical extractions of impacted teeth and in complex cases. Smokers and women taking birth control pills are also susceptible to dry sockets.
A medicated dressing is usually given by the dentist to relieve the pain and treat a dry socket.
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