There are innumerable types of braces available today, each with its set of pros and cons. One must, however, remember that not all kinds of braces can be done for all cases. Your orthodontist would guide you about the different types of braces that could be possible in your case, and you can then choose the type of braces you want to go for, depending on budget, aesthetics and the time frame that is best suited for you.
Below listed are the different type of braces:
1) Clear aligners:-
Popular removable type of dental braces. They are custom made according to your teeth and different sets are provided to you, which are changed every week or two weeks depending on your case. They are plastic-like in appearance and are very inconspicuous.
Pros of Clear aligners:
They are removable braces that can be removed easily while brushing, eating and drinking.
Inconspicuous in appearance.
The final results can be viewed digitally even before the treatment has started.
Cons of Clear aligners:
They will only be effective if you’re wearing your aligners for the recommended amount of time (usually for a minimum of 20 hours a day).
It is a costly form of treatment.
Not effective in complex cases.
2) Metal braces:-
They are the traditional form of braces that are used most often.
Pros of metal braces:
They can be used in most cases
Cons of metal braces:
The metallic appearance of the braces is not aesthetic to look at.
3) Ceramic braces:-
They have the same stainless-steel wire as in the case of metal braces, but the metal brackets on teeth are replaced with ceramic or tooth-coloured brackets.
Another type of braces that have come up recently is self ligating braces, which now come with ceramic brackets. These self ligating braces use clips instead of elastic bands to hold the braces wire in place.
Pros of ceramic braces:
More aesthetic as compared to metal braces.
Effective in treating most simple and complex cases.
Cons of ceramic braces:
More expensive than metal braces.
Not as aesthetic as clear aligners.
Proper brushing and avoiding of colour imparting foodstuff (eg. Beetroot, soft-drinks, etc) is a must, otherwise, the ceramic brackets tend to get discoloured.
They are located in the lingual (tongue) side of your mouth and are not visible from outside.
The pros of lingual braces:
Very aesthetic and completely hidden from outside.
The cons of lingual braces:
It may take a few days or weeks for the tongue to get used to these braces.
It requires specialized techniques and materials to work with these, and are therefore more expensive than metal or ceramic braces.