Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused due to bacterial infection. The condition causes irritation, redness and swelling (inflammation) in the gingiva, the part of the gum around the base of teeth. It’s important to take Gingivitis seriously as if left untreated, it can become more serious known as periodontitis.
According to the American Dental Association, major causes of tooth loss in adults are Gingivitis and Periodontitis. Dental infections can affect your overall health too.
The most common cause of Gingivitis is a bacterial build-up in between teeth and gum that initiates an immune response that can destroy teeth and gum. The bacteria build-up may also cause tooth loss and cavity in the tooth. Plaque is a layer that build-up due to the colonization of bacteria that sticks to the smooth surface of the tooth. The natural accumulation of bacteria in teeth can help in protecting the mouth from harmful microorganisms, but it can result in tooth decay and other chronic gum infections. If the plaque is not removed properly, then it can form calculus or tartar at the tooth gum junction. The tartar can be removed with an expert professional. Both tartar and plaque can cause gum irritation and inflammation around the teeth root or base.
There are many other causes that can result in the formation of Gingivitis:
A dental plaque or a sticky substance on the teeth can cause Gingivitis. Some of the symptoms are:
Here are some steps which can help in the treatment of Gingivitis:
When you suffer from chronic gingiva or gum inflammation, it can lead to a number of systemic (affecting the entire body) conditions, which include diabetes, stroke, rheumatoid arthritis and coronary artery disease. There is research that suggests that the bacteria causing periodontitis can enter the bloodstream via the gum tissue and can affect your lungs, heart and other body parts.
Another complication of progressive Gingivitis is known as trench mouth or NUG (necrotizing ulcerative Gingivitis). This form of gum disease can result in infection, bleeding, painful ulcerations and gums. It is less common in developed nations but more common in developing countries inflicted with poor living standards and nutrition.
Gingivitis Treatment can be done by following the dental professional instructions that can normally prevent complications. However, without treatment, gum disease can spread and affect tissue, teeth, and bones.
Some of the complications include:
If you notice any signs and symptoms of acute Gingivitis, you need to schedule an appointment with your dentist. The soon you consult your dentist; the better will be the chances of reversing damage from Gingivitis and preventing its progression to periodontitis.
For the gingivitis recession, you need to follow good home dental hygiene, which includes regular brushing and flossing, and regular dental visits to treat and prevent Gingivitis. If Gingivitis continues despite the effort to prevent it, you need to consult a dentist to investigate the possibility of an underlying illness. If there are any other conditions that seem to coincide with the signs and symptoms of Gingivitis, you need to seek medical attention.
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